21 August 1849, Victor Hugo anorayira kusikwa kwe "United States of Europe"

21 August 1849, Victor Hugo anorayira kusikwa kwe "United States of Europe"

NaVa Victor Hugo

Muhurukuro yake paCongress of Friends of Universal Peace, muParis, munyori uye vamiririri vakarondedzera "chokwadi chechokwadi" chaizotanga "kuwirirana kwevanhu kumarudzi ose kuburikidza nerugare." Nyaya inofanira kuverengwazve mushure mekusarudzwa kweEurope.

A visionary dicourse of Victor Hugo

Panguva sarudzo European, zvinoshamisa kuti kuverenga yakatarwa newomuprofita matauriro kuti Victor Hugo iziviswe panguva Congress of shamwari yorugare nokudenga, iyo inotanga musi August 21 1849 muParis. Mundima iyi yakabudiswa mazuva maviri gare gare nepepanhau Izana remakore, munyori anoporofita a"Kuparadzanisa miganhu pamapu uye kusarura mumoyo", uye inoratidza chido chekusika "United States yeEurope", guarantors of "Ukama hwevanhu".

Nhengo yeConstitution Assembly kubva munaJune 1848, Victor Hugo akasarudzwa neKomiti YeKomiti kutungamirira hurukuro. Pakutanga achitsigira Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, munyori ari kuenda kune avo vanochengetedza kuti vabatane neRepublican camp, kunyanya nemhaka yekudzvinyirira vanhu. Kurwisana iye zvino-uye kusvikira pakuguma kwehupenyu hwake-kune"Kuparara kwekutambudzika mukati, kupera kwehondo kunze," iye anokurumidza kuva anopisa uye anoramba asingagadziki Napoleon the Little (chinyorwa chebhuku raanoparidza muna 1852), Emperor weFrench mu1852, mushure mekutsvaga kwake.

Kubva Kubwinya Kwevatatu ve1830, muFrance, kune "chitubu chemarudzi" e1848, mumaguta makuru, kupandukira kunozunungusa Europe yeXIXe yezana remakore inopupurira kuwedzera kwemarudzi mukati mekondinendi yakaparadzana neNapoleonic Wars neCongress of Vienna. Iyi mhedziso yekupandukira iyo inowanzosimudzirwa muropa mukana wekutarisa nyika shoma yebellicose - sezvinoratidzwa mukuonekwa kwevanhu vazhinji vehugare.

naanamai,

Vazhinji venyu vanobva kunzvimbo dzakadzama dzepasi rose, mwoyo yenyu izere nemafungiro echitendero chitsvene. Iwe uri mumasangano ako masangano, mafilosofi, vashumiri vekunamatwa kwechiKristu, vanyori vakakurumbira, vazhinji vevarume ava vanokosha zvikuru, ava vanhu vevanhu uye vanozivikanwa avo vari mwenje wenyika yavo. Iwe unoshuva kufambidzana kubva kuParis zviziviso zvemu musangano wevimbiso yakasimba uye yakasimba, iyo isingadi kungoita zvakanaka kwevanhu, asi vanoda avo vakanaka vevanhu vose. Iwe unowedzera kune mazano ayo nhasi anotonga vatungamiri vehurumende, magavhuna, vatongi, vhesi yepamusoro. Imi chete kutendeuka zvimwe rokupedzisira uye kupfuura Nyamavhuvhu papepa chevhangeri, uyo zvinoisa rugare vana vaMwari chete, uye guta iri asi chirevo kuti Fraternity vomuUmambo, iwe chete kuzivisa ukama hwevanhu. (Translation).
Gamuchirai! (...)

"Zuva richauya apo tichazoona mapoka makuru maviri aya, United States of America, United States yeEurope, vachitarisana, vachienda kune mhiri kwegungwa. "

Naanamai, pfungwa dzechitendero ichi, runyararo pasi nokudenga, marudzi ose vakasungwa pamwe chete nevakawanda chisungo, Evhangeri kuti mutemo mukuru, Mediation kuchiiswa kurwa, kuti chitendero pfungwa kuri kuchenjera kufunga? Icho chipo chitsvene chinogona kugadziriswa here? Vakawanda pfungwa dzakanaka, sezvavanotaura nhasi, vazhinji vezvematongerwe enyika vane makore ekugadzirisa bhizinesi, vakapindura Nha. Ini, ndinopindura newe, ndinopindura ndisingatyi, Ndinopindura Hongu! (Ndizvozvo!) uye ini ndichaedza kuzviratidza gare gare.
Ndinoenda mberi; Handitauri chete: ichi chinangwa chinogadziriswa, ndinoti: ichi chinangwa chisingaverengeki; tinokwanisa kunonoka kana kukurumidzira kuuya. Ndizvo zvose. (...)

Zuva richauya apo pachava pasina imwe minda yekurwa kupfuura misika inotanga kutengesa uye pfungwa dzichizarura kune pfungwa. (Deep sensation.) Zuva richauya apo tichazoona mapoka maviri aya, United States of America, United States yeEurope, vachitarisana, vachitambanudza maoko avo pamusoro pemakungwa. (...)

Inotsanangurwa kubva mubhuku remabasa ekugadzirira raVictor Hugo nokuda kwekutaura kwake pa Congress of Friends of Peace. Gallica, BNF

Uye zuva iro, hazvitori makore mazana mana kuti aunze, nokuti tinorarama munguva yekutsanya, tinorarama munguva yezvinoitika uye maonero akawanda evanhu vakaramba vachitungamirira vanhu, uye panguva yatinenge tiri, gore rimwe nerimwe ibasa rezana remakore.

Nyaya iyi yakatanga kutanga https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/05/18/21-aout-1849-victor-hugo-appelle-a-la-creation-des-etats-unis-d-europe_5463764_3232.html?xtmc=etats_unis&xtcr=1